120–150 min.

City Planning For Biodiversity And Our Future

  • Engineering
  • Science (Life)
  • STEM


Challenge your students to take on the role of city planner by understanding the importance of biodiversity. Having a large number of different species in an urban area is important—not just for those species, but for humans as well. Green spaces and natural areas where wildlife can thrive in a city environment have a number of benefits that can result in cleaner air, cleaner water and a greater well-being for all the organisms that live there. In this lesson, students will define biodiversity and brainstorm how cities can have an impact on the biodiversity in a particular area. They will then calculate a biodiversity index and discover why a high biodiversity index is important for an ecosystem. Finally, they will take on the role of city planners to create and present a unique model of a city that that is laid out in a manner that meets the needs of people and encourages biodiversity in each of the required zoning areas—residential, commercial and industrial.

Student Will Learn

  • 21st Century Skills
    • Collaboration
    • Critical Thinking
  • Design Principles
    • Defining the Problem
    • Designing Solutions
    • Creating or Prototyping
    • Refine or Improve
    • Communicating Results

Content Areas

  • Life Science
  • Biodiversity
  • City Planning
  • Engineering Design Process


  • Define biodiversity and examine how a city may affect biodiversity
  • Calculate a biodiversity index using data
  • Design and create a model of a city that includes elements that encourage biodiversity

Grade Levels


Suggested Time

  • 120–150 minutes (2-3 class sessions)